The partners involved in this program are staffed with the clinical experts needed to treat complex patients who present with often life- and limb-threatening conditions. www.FreeLegScreening.org
Peripheral arterial disease remains virtually unknown among healthcare providers and the general population alike.
A basic misunderstanding of PAD persists and is often under-diagnosed.
Get Tested for PAD If You:
•Are over age 50
•Have a family history of vascular disease, such as PAD, aneurysm, heart attack or stroke
•Have high cholesterol and/or high lipid blood test
•Have ever smoked or smoke now
•Have an inactive lifestyle
•Have a personal history of high blood pressure, heart disease, or other vascular disease
•Have trouble walking that involves cramping or tiredness in the muscle with walking or exercising, which is relieved by resting
•Have pain in the legs or feet that awaken you at night
•The most common symptom of PAD is called claudication, which is leg pain that occurs when walking or exercising and disappears when the person stops the activity
•Other symptoms of PAD include: numbness and tingling in the lower legs and feet, coldness in the lower legs and feet, and ulcers or sores on the legs or feet that don't heal
Are you at risk for vascular disease? When treating Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), patients should first see a vascular specialist for less invasive and less costly options.
Facts About Amputation:
•90% of all amputations are lower extremity
•77% of amputations are male patients
•3 million amputees in United States, estimated
•#1 cause – vascular disease
•50% of vascular amputations are caused by Diabetes
•80% of diabetic patients with amputations are over 50 years old
•The majority of Diabetic Amputations are preventable with early diagnosis and treatment
•50% of all amputations never had an angiogram
An angiogram can find a bulge in a blood vessel (aneurysm). It can also show narrowing or a blockage in a blood vessel that affects blood flow. An angiogram can show if coronary artery disease is present and how bad it is.
Tests and diagnosis
Some of the tests your doctor may rely on to diagnose peripheral artery disease are:
•Physical exam. Your doctor may find signs of PAD during a physical examination, such as a weak or absent pulse below a narrowed area of your artery, whooshing sounds (bruits) over your arteries that can be heard with a stethoscope, evidence of poor wound healing in the area where your blood flow is restricted, and decreased blood pressure in your affected limb.
•Ankle-brachial index (ABI). This is a common test used to diagnose PAD. It compares the blood pressure in your ankle with the blood pressure in your arm. To get a blood pressure reading, your doctor uses a regular blood pressure cuff and a special ultrasound device to evaluate blood pressure and flow. You may walk on a treadmill and have readings taken before and immediately after exercising to capture the severity of the narrowed arteries during walking.
•Ultrasound. Special ultrasound imaging techniques, such as Doppler ultrasound, can help your doctor evaluate blood flow through your blood vessels and identify blocked or narrowed arteries.
•Blood tests. A sample of your blood can be used to measure your cholesterol and triglycerides and to check for diabetes